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Table 5 Variables associated with missed diagnosis in the emergency department

From: Acute respiratory failure in the elderly: etiology, emergency diagnosis and prognosis

Variable Appropriate diagnosis (n = 413) Missed diagnosis (n = 101) Adjusted odds ratio p
History of arterial hypertension 288 (55) 45 (45) 0.59 [0.36–0.98] 0.04
Final diagnosis of CAP 152 (37) 67 (66) 4.85 [2.73–8.61] <0.001
Final diagnosis of CPE 135 (33) 46 (46) 9.35 [5.16–16.14] <0.001
Final diagnosis of PE 60 (15) 33 (33) 9.27 [4.72–18.22] <0.001
  1. Data are numbers of patients (%) or medians [95% confidence intervals]. All differences between survivors and dead patients in the univariate analysis were significant (p < 0.05). CAP, community-acquired pneumonia; CPE, cardiogenic pulmonary edema; PE, pulmonary embolism.