Skip to main content

Table 5 Differences between males and females: results of the matched-pair analysis

From: Gender-specific differences in severely injured patients between 2002 and 2011: data analysis with matched-pair analysis

  Male Female P value
Patients (n) 211 211  
Glasgow Coma Scale 9.51 ± 4.85 8.84 ± 4.97 0.056
Revised Trauma Score 5.94 ± 2.11 5.79 ± 2.05 0.24
New Injury Severity Score 34.40 ± 14.61 35.00 ± 15.63 0.065
Trauma and Injury Severity Score 0.69 ± 0.35 0.67 ± 0.34 0.62
Revised Injury Severity Classification 28.34 ± 32.28 29.04 ± 30.06 0.82
blood pressure systolic 129.43 ± 42.27 125.57 ± 35.99 0.063
Heart rate 92.19 ± 26.90 91.46 ± 26.77 0.47
Hemoglobin (g/dl) 12.01 ± 2.78 10.99 ± 2.12 <0.0001*
Platelets gigaparticle per litre (gpt/l) 189.30 ± 69.02 203.68 ± 73.08 0.035*
Partial thromboplastin time (seconds) 31.38 ± 20.86 29.88 ± 16.39 0.67
Prothrombin time (%) 81.44 ± 27.93 84.99 ± 27.04 0.76
ICU stay (days) 14.94 ± 21.44 10.05 ± 13.85 0.019*
Hospital stay (days) 21.86 ± 25.65 16.12 ± 18.83 0.01*
Number of surgeries 2.36 ± 3.64 1.89 ± 2.48 0.84
Time from admission to CCT (minutes) 32.75 ± 14.48 30.69 ± 13.19 0.88
Time from admission to whole-body CT (minutes) 34.99 ± 15.79 32.08 ± 13.82 0.62
Pre-hospital volume (ml) 1,120.81 ± 1,122.66 971.43 ± 802.46 0.64
Trauma room volume (ml) 1,664.49 ± 1,727.81 1,436.55 ± 1,327.86 0.57
Total volume (ml) 2,936.79 ± 2,562.81 2,434.78 ± 1,762.76 0.29
Time in trauma room (minutes) 58.51 ± 27.22 52.61 ± 23.28 0.03*
Preclinical rescue time (minutes) 47.35 ± 23.48 39.89 ± 16.93 0.23
Rate of whole-body CT 59.20 62.86 0.94
Multi-organ failure 33.68 32.82 0.86
Sepsis 20.40 12.38 0.03*
Intubation at accident scene 59.62 60.96 0.73
Resuscitation at accident scene 8.33 3.96 0.067
Thoracic drainage at accident scene 7.35 1.97 0.01*
Intubation in trauma room 41.10 42.13 0.77
Resuscitation in trauma room 3.48 5.15 0.41
Thoracic drainage in trauma room 13.93 12.70 0.72
Mortality rate 28.10 33.01 0.27
  1. Data presented as mean ± standard deviation or percentage. AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; CCT, cranial computed tomography; CT, computed tomography; ISS, Injury Severity Score. *Significant difference.